During the War with France, Congress passed a law making it permissible to seize ships bound to any French Port. Navy captain seized a Danish Ship (the The owners of the ship sued the Navy captain in U. The military court rejected Calley's argument of obeying the order of his superiors.
However, when President John Adams wrote the order to authorize the U. Navy to do so, he wrote that Navy ships were authorized to seize any vessel bound for a French port, or traveling from a French port. On March 29, 1971, Calley was sentenced to life in prison.
The defense didn't work for them, nor has it worked in hundreds of cases since. Supreme Court held that Navy commanders "act at their own peril" when obeying presidential orders when such orders are illegal.
The gist of this offense is a violation of the custom of the armed forces against fraternization.Navy and Air Force policies required little change.Marine Corps policy required no change.All the services prohibit personal and business relationships between officers and enlisted members, calling them prejudicial to good order and discipline.Relationships between enlisted persons of different ranks, or between officers of different ranks may be similarly covered.Violations of such regulations, directives, or orders may be punishable under Article 92.