The North Star served as a forum for abolitionist views.
The Douglass home burnt down in 1872, but a marker for it is found in Highland Park off South Avenue. Anthony, a national leader of the women's suffrage movement, was from Rochester.
The carriage maker James Cunningham and Sons founded a pioneer automobile company – Cunningham.
The population reached 62,386 in 1870, 162,608 in 1900 and 295,750 in 1920.
Rochester experienced one of the nation's biggest revivalist movements, led by Charles Finney.
By the mid-19th century, as the center of the wheat-processing industry moved west with population and agriculture, the city became home to an expanding nursery business, giving rise to the city's second nickname, the "Flower City." Nurseries ringed the city, the most famous of which was started in 1840 by immigrants Georg Ellwanger from Germany and Patrick Barry from Ireland.
In 1847, Frederick Douglass founded the abolitionist newspaper The North Star in Rochester.
In 1950, the Census Bureau reported Rochester's population as 97.6% white and 2.3% black.
The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed the right of women to vote in 1920, was known as the Susan B.
Anthony Amendment because of her work toward its passage, which she did not live to see.
Until 2010, the Rochester metropolitan area was the second-largest regional economy in New York State, after the New York City metropolitan area. Development of Rochester followed the American Revolution, and forced cession of their territory by the Iroquois after the defeat of Great Britain.
Allied with the British, four major Iroquois tribes were forced out of New York. (1761–1839), all of Hagerstown, Maryland, purchased a 100-acre (ca.